The United States was formed as a Union of thirteen (now fifty) separate States. The Statesmen, who met in Philadelphia from May 14 to September 17, 1787, gave We the People the best form of government ever known to man. The Committee of the Whole debated the Virginia Plan of James Madison for two months making amendments along the way. The most notable being the Great or Connecticut Compromise which gave us our Bicameral Legislature and the Electoral College.
This Great Compromise was necessary to protect the smaller States from the larger States and give them an equal voice in the new Constitutional Republic. Without this compromise the larger States would have dominated the new government and they would have been able to vote down any small State proposal that they didn’t like.
As Allen Guelzo wrote concerning the Electoral College in National Affairs (Winter 2018), “The Electoral College was designed by the framers deliberately, like the rest of the Constitution, to counteract the worst human impulses and protect the nation from the dangers inherent in democracy. The Electoral College is neither antiquated nor toxic; it is an underappreciated institution that helps preserve our constitutional system, and it deserves a full-throated defense.”
We the People need to always remember that our Constitutional Republic is a union of fifty separate States governments. This is well stated in the Tenth Amendment of our Bill of Rights, “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”
The federal government was given very limited power. Powers limited to the six purposes stated in the Preamble of the Constitution and no more. Beyond this the separate States governed their own people as their respective Governors and Legislatures determined. We the People have our voice in the federal government through the House of Representatives based upon “popular vote” but the several States have their equal representation through the Senate. In order for the federal government to do anything requires both the consent of We the People and the several States forming the Union.
The Electoral College preserves the equality of the several States in the election process for our chief executive much like the Senate preserves the equality of the several States in the passing of our laws. Without the Electoral College, the large urban States (e.g. California, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois) would drown out the voices of the smaller rural States (Derisively called “Flyover Country” by the Democrats) removing their consent in the election of the chief executive of our Constitutional Republic.
The President is to represent the interests of all fifty States on the international stage and not just those of the large populated States which only represent ten percent of the Union. This can only be done through the Electoral College. This is why the Electoral College needs to be preserved. To do otherwise would disenfranchise the majority of the States within the Union of our Constitutional Republic and We the People who live in them.
May God Bless and Save the United States of America —
Our Constitutional Republic !