On This Day in History: December 01, 

1660 – First Navigation Act passed by the British Parliament to regulate colonial commerce to suit English needs. 1955 – Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.

Founding Fathers

Biographical sketches of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America.

Signers of the Declaration of Independence:

Connecticut:  Samuel Huntington, * Roger Sherman, William Williams and Oliver Wolcott

Delaware:  Thomas McKean, * George Read and Caesar Rodney

Georgia: Button Gwinett, Lyman Hall and George Walton

Maryland:  Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Samuel Chase, William Paca and Thomas Stone

Massachusetts:  John Adams, Samuel Adams, Elbridge Gerry, John Hancock, Robert Treat Paine

New Hampshire:  Josiah Bartlett, Matthew Thornton and William Whipple

New Jersey:  Abraham Clark, John Hart, Francis Hopkinson, Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon

New York:  William Floyd, Francis Lewis, Philip Livingston and Lewis Morris

North Carolina:  Joseph Hewes, William Hooper and John Penn

Pennsylvania:  * George Clymer, * Benjamin Franklin, * Robert Morris, John Morton, George Ross, Benjamin Rush, James Smith, George Taylor  and * James Wilson

Rhode Island:  William Ellery and Stephen Hopkins

South Carolina:  Thomas Heyward Jr., Thomas Lynch Jr., Arthur Middleton and Edward Rutledge

Virginia:  Carter Braxton, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Jefferson, Francis Lightfoot Lee, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Nelson Jr. and George Wythe

* Those who signed both The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution

Delegates and Signers of the Constitution:

Connecticut:  # Oliver Ellsworth, Wm. Samuel Johnson and * Roger Sherman

Delaware:  Richard Bassett, Gunning Bedford Jr., Jacob Broom, John Dickinson and *George Read

Georgia:  Abraham Baldwin, William Few, # William Houstoun, and # William L. Pierce

Maryland:  Daniel Carroll, # Luther Martin, James McHenry, # John F. Mercer and Daniel of St Thomas Jenifer

Massachusetts:  # Elbridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King and # Caleb Strong

New Hampshire: Nicholas Gilman and John Langdon

New Jersey:  David Brearley, Jonathan Dayton, # William C. Houston, William Livingston and William Paterson

New York:  # John Lansing Jr., Alexander Hamilton and # Robert Yates

North Carolina:  William Blount, # William R. Davie, # Alexander Martin, Richard Dobbs Spaight and Hugh Williamson

Pennsylvania:  * George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, * Benjamin Franklin, Jared Ingersoll, Thomas Mifflin, * Robert Morris, Gouverneur Morris and * James Wilson

Rhode Island: No Delegation

South Carolina:  Pierce Butler, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pickney and John Rutledge

Virginia:  John Blair, James Madison Jr., # George Mason, # James McClurg, # Edmund Randolph, Governor, George Washington and # George Wythe

Attest: William Jackson, Secretary

* Those who signed both The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.

# Those who attend the Constitutional Convention but did not sign.